How to Do On-Page SEO Optimization in 2024?

On-page SEO holds the key to attracting many new visitors, and potential customers, directly to your website. Moreover, on-page SEO optimization is entirely within your control: You determine the topic and goal of each page, select the target audience, and choose the keywords and phrases to focus on. This can feel daunting yet empowering simultaneously. If you’re unsure where to start, we have crafted complete details of this on-page SEO optimization in 2024.

What is On-Page SEO Optimization?

On-page SEO, also known as on-site SEO, involves optimizing various aspects of your website, both visible to users and behind the scenes, to improve its ranking in search engine results and drive more traffic. These aspects include content, site structure, and HTML elements.

Google’s algorithm evaluates your website based on three main factors: on-page SEO, off-page SEO, and technical SEO:

On-page SEO pertains to the elements on a webpage that enable search engines to crawl and index it.

Off-page SEO involves activities such as social sharing and external linking.

Technical SEO encompasses all SEO aspects not covered by on-page and off-page practices, including structured data, site speed, and mobile readiness.

Note: These SEO components often overlap and aren’t always neatly divided into three sections.

Why is on-page SEO important?

On-page SEO Optimization is important because it communicates to Google the details of your website and how it delivers value to visitors and customers. It ensures your site is optimized for both human users and search engine bots.

Simply creating and launching your website isn’t sufficient; you must also optimize it for search engines to improve its ranking and attract new traffic.

On-page SEO is labeled as such because the adjustments and enhancements you make are visible to visitors on your webpage, unlike off-page and technical SEO elements, which may not always be apparent.

Each aspect of on-page SEO is within your control, making it essential to get it right. Let’s now go deep down into the components of on-page SEO.

On-Page SEO Elements to Rank Your Content High in 2024

Keyword Research

Visual Content

Page Titles


Meta Descriptions

Image Alt-Text

Structured Markup

Page URLs

Internal Linking

Mobile Responsiveness

Site Speed

All on-page SEO Optimization elements can be categorized into three main groups:

Content Elements

HTML Elements

Site Architecture Elements

Below, we’ll break down these elements into sections.

Content Elements

This section will cover keyword research and how to integrate keywords into your content effectively. We’ll also explore the significance of incorporating visual content, such as images, into your web pages.

Keyword Research

To craft top-notch content, start by selecting appropriate keywords and topics. Begin your keyword research by exploring Google for relevant terms and observing what appears for competitors and other sites. Additionally, utilize tools such as Ahrefs, AnswerthePublic, SE Ranking, and UberSuggest. When conducting keyword research, take into account the buyer’s journey and the search intent of visitors. This approach will influence how you incorporate keywords and the variety of content you produce. Now, it’s time to write or refine your page content as you audit your on-page SEO optimization.

Visual Content

Visual content, such as images, graphics, and charts, plays a vital role in on-page SEO. Images enhance the visual appeal of web pages and make content more scanable and digestible. Optimizing images with alt tags can also drive traffic from image search results.

HTML Elements

HTML elements are components in your source code. Your website’s page titles, also known as title tags, are crucial SEO elements. Page titles inform both visitors and search engines about the content of your pages. Be sure to include the focus keyword naturally in each title to ensure proper ranking.


Headers, represented by HTML elements like <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, etc., organize your content for readers and help search engines understand the importance of different sections based on search intent.

Meta Descriptions

Meta descriptions are brief page descriptions displayed under the title in search results. While not a direct ranking factor, they influence whether users click on your page. Therefore, optimizing meta descriptions is essential for effective on-page SEO optimization.

Meta descriptions can serve a dual purpose by also appearing on social media when your content is shared, thus encouraging click-through from those platforms as well.

Image Alt-text

Image alt-text acts as SEO for your images, informing search engines about their content. Given that Google now provides almost as many image-based results as text-based ones, adding alt-text to your images is crucial for ensuring that consumers can discover your site through visuals. It is indeed one of the main things to consider in on-page optimization.

Structured Markup

Structured markup, also known as structured data, involves annotating your website’s source code to facilitate Google’s understanding of various elements in your content. This markup is instrumental in generating featured snippets, knowledge panels, and other content features in Google search results. Additionally, it ensures that your page information displays effectively when shared on social media platforms. Although structured data falls under technical SEO, optimizing it contributes to an enhanced on-page experience for visitors.

Site Architecture Elements

Please keep on reading!

Page URLs

Ensure that your page URLs are clear and concise for both human readers and search engines. Consistency in URL structure is crucial as you create various pages and subpages within your website.

Internal Linking

Internal linking involves adding hyperlinks to relevant pages within your website. These links guide visitors to other useful content on your site, thereby increasing engagement and indicating to search engines that your site offers valuable information. Additionally, internal linking prolongs visitors’ time on your site, allowing search engines more opportunities to crawl and index your pages, which can potentially improve your site’s ranking in search results.

Mobile Responsiveness

Here comes another important element of on-page SEO optimization. It is mobile responsiveness. With Google giving preference to websites optimized for quick mobile loading times, mobile responsiveness has become increasingly important, even for desktop searches.

Ensuring that your website is mobile-friendly is crucial. This involves selecting a website hosting service, design, theme, and content layout that is easy to read and navigate on mobile devices. If you’re unsure about the mobile readiness of your site, you can use Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test tool to assess its performance.

Site Speed

Whether accessed from a mobile device or desktop, your website must load quickly. Page speed plays a significant role in on-page SEO optimization.

Google prioritizes user experience, and slow-loading or erratic sites are likely to drive visitors away – a factor Google takes into account. Moreover, site speed can directly impact conversions and ROI.

You can assess your website’s speed using Google’s Page Speed Insights tool at any time. If your site is sluggish, consider implementing strategies to improve loading speed.

Note: While mobile responsiveness and site speed fall under technical SEO, I’ve included them here because optimizing them enhances the on-page experience for visitors.

Now that we’ve covered the basics of on-page SEO elements, let’s have an overview of our checklist for optimizing individual pages on your website.

Ensure Your URL Includes the Target Keyword

When crafting your page URL, incorporate your target keyword to give users and search engines a clear idea of your page’s content. For instance, if your keyword is “content writing,” your URL could be https://zink-marketing.com/effective-content-writing-strategies-2024/

Follow these tips for SEO-friendly URLs: keep them concise by removing unnecessary words, focus on one or two keywords, and use HTTPS for better ranking potential.

Craft an Optimized Page Title

Develop a descriptive title that includes your target keyword and accurately reflects your page’s content. Adhere to best practices by keeping it under 60 characters to ensure it displays correctly in search results, avoiding keyword stuffing or all caps, and incorporating your brand for brand recognition.

Organize Content with Headers

Use header tags to structure your content and enhance its readability and search engine friendliness. Incorporate important keywords naturally into your headers, prioritizing them in your <h1> and <h2> headers while avoiding repetition from your page title.

Include Keywords throughout the Body Copy

In addition to your URL, title, and headers, sprinkle your target keyword naturally throughout your page content. However, avoid keyword stuffing, as it can harm your SEO efforts and create a poor user experience. The right adjustment of keywords plays an important role in On-Page SEO Optimization.

Enhance Content with Visuals

Integrate engaging visuals like images, graphics, and charts into your content to break up text and improve visual appeal. Optimize images by compressing them for faster loading, using descriptive filenames, and providing informative alt tags containing your keyword.

Craft a Compelling Meta Description

Write a concise meta description that summarizes your page’s content and entices users to click through from search results. Keep it under 160 characters, include your keyword, use compelling language, and avoid special characters.

Optimize Visuals with Alt Text

Ensure your visual content is optimized for SEO by adding descriptive and contextually relevant alt text containing your keyword. Keep it concise, under 125 characters, and avoid keyword stuffing for optimal results.

Incorporate Internal and External Links

Help search engines understand the structure of your website by adding internal links to relevant pages within your content. Additionally, include external links to credible sites to signal trustworthiness and enhance your page’s credibility. Use descriptive anchor text for internal links and choose contextually relevant pages to link to. Aim for a reasonable number of links per page to avoid appearing spammy.

Activate Your On-Page SEO Strategy

After finalizing your SEO strategy, proceed to apply these modifications to your website or delegate the task to someone else. Since this process requires time and effort, aim to tackle 5 to 10 pages each week.

Keep in mind: that SEO is an ongoing effort, not a one-time task. View this On-Page SEO Optimization Template as a dynamic tool that will continuously shape and refine your SEO approach in the months and years ahead.